For many years ago cities developed horizontally, that was when people demanded independent houses with large spaces. Currently with the great need to preserve green spaces in addition to the important and increasing population in cities, the model of the city is being modified to a vertical expansion model.
The vertical expansion model means that it is a development in height, thus dealing with little floor surface. This means that in the future, in the same building, homes, gardens, shops, health centers will have to be concentrated…
This change of construction is, to offer better living conditions to the inhabitants,reduce environmental pollution, reduce travel times and improve the quality of services,in addition to taking more advantage of the spaces and buildings.
By what is going to be built more vertically instead of horizontally?
- Why there is strong population growth in cities.
- We see an increase in energy consumption and natural resources.
- There’s a lot of environmental pollution.
- There is already a large part of the occupied surface.
What benefits does vertical urbanism have in cities?
The the first benefit of vertical urbanism is, soil optimization,i.e. building vertically is one of solutions to the geographical increase.
The second benefit of vertical urbanism is, greater ease of moving. That is, building vertically means,as we mentioned before, that in the same building there would be restaurants, shops, offices, health centers… therefore, people would reduce the time to go from one place to another, it would be all in one building. This would also help reduce the use of vehicles, and thus be beneficial in lowering pollution rates by using vehicles and helping environmental recovery.
Another benefit of vertical urbanism, as we discussed above, is pollution reduction. Studies say that cities with vertical constructions save up to 75% energy and up to 90% on pollutant emissions.
The fourth benefit is the use of resources,in this case we talk about water. The use of water is much more efficient in a vertical construction, than in a horizontal construction. It is demonstrated by a study of Spanish teachers experts in water management and natural irrigation, who say that grey water or what is the same, the water coming from the rains, can be reused if they are treated, this would reduce the expenses water.
And finally, build vertically encourages the creation of green areas because if in the same building, as we have mentioned before, there are health centers, restaurants, shops, offices… there would be more room for create green areas and thus help city dwellers have a healthier lifestyle and have a greater connection with nature.
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